Valderica is inhabited since the 18th century and is a place where live was dictated by the change of the seasons and followed by the tradition and rules of the Benedictines.
We are half way between the abbey of Lamoli, the hermitage and hospice built by the monks for travelers in the Sant'Angelo mountains.
In this old farm house they worked the fields, had domestic animals, prepared carbon, did weaving and all the domestic life things like washing, baking, collecting herbs in the woods and much more.
It's said the house was inhabited by beautiful women and experts in herbal healing.
Not far away from our house there lived Benedictine monks, followers of Saint Benedict of Norcia. They looked for silence and peace in life. They constructed the hermitage on the peak of Mount Sant'Angelo. This fact is unfortunately not well documented. But it is situated near to the hospice of Saint Bernard and for was for travelers. Following the old path of the todays residence one can see the ruins of a wall leading to the hermitage. It was abandoned after a winter's heavy snow didn't permit the monks to arrive here for bringing viands from the village.
The same monks founded Lamoli, the castle, the abbey and the church dedicated to Saint Michael Archangel in the 7th century. It was the perfect place for hiding from Barbarian invasions. Hidden in
the deep woods of the mountains and valley the abbey, the hermitage and the hospice were the right place where to find protection. Here work, contemplation and life was in peace.
It was also the right place for a typical monks' life. They dedicated their time to study science, medicine, astronomy, herbs and their natural remedies. But they also were very artistic: paintings, goldsmith's work, music, writing and decorations of books and much more were part of their daily life.
In the 9th century Castrum Lamularum and today Lamoli was already a real little fortified town. It became an autonomic province in the inner part of the Papal State. It was called Massa Trabaria. Massa stands for the congregation of castles and fiefdoms. Trabaria refers to a special work in this place. The woods were full of trees and shrubs that were worked as timber beams. These were transported over the pass Bocca Trabaria. From here they rolled into the river Tiber and then flow to Rome. These timber beams were used also for the construction of Saint Peter's Basilica.
The territory was divided between the families of Brancaleoni, Montefeltro, Malatesta, Oliva, Ubaldini and Della Faggiola. In the 15th century when Federico da Montefeltro became count, the land came nearly totally under the Signoria of Urbino. And just during this time the painter Piero della Francesca took the road from his native San Sepolcro over the pass Bocca Trabaria to arrive in the city of Urbino. Here he would work at the court of Federico Montefeltro. It was also the home of Raffaello.
After the death of the last count of Urbino, Francesco Maria II della Rovere, and the devolution of the State of Urbino from the church, also Lamoli got under control of the Papal State.
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